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Film classification

A QUICK WAY TO IDENTIFY FILMS

 
At MFDB we use our own classification system that allows users to quickly identify what type of film it is: genre and subgenrestory's origin and film themes.

Cinematographic genre

TO IDENTIFY THE FILM'S BASIC FORMAT

What are film genres
FILM TYPOLOGY WITH STYLE SIMILARITIES
Cinematographic genres are film typologies used to identify films sharing common stylistic devices (narrative, language, format devices...). Different types of genre are not a standard convention, but vary according to stylistic criteria that has been chosen to define classification. MFDB uses a classification based on the following genres (each genre is displayed in the film's page with a label of a specific colour):
FILM GENRES IN THE DATABASE Drama: Facts or a story narration with staged images with actors playing a character.
 
Documentary: Narration of facts or a story or reality mainly without any staging but  with other cinematographic devices that help document the story.
 
Docudrama: Narration of facts, a story or a reality in a documentary fashion but mostly using staged images to tell the story.
 
Animation film: Dramatized narration of facts or a story with synthesis images (drawn, modelled, animated,...).
 
Artistic or experimental film: Cinematographic productions without any narrative or documentary intention but mainly with an artistic, sensory or experimental intention.


 

 

 

Cinematographic subgenre

TO IDENTIFY A FILM'S NARRATIVE TONE

Subgenres
A MORE ACCURATE CLASSIFICATION
Subgenre is a more concrete stylistic classification that allows to go deeper into the primary genre classification. Subgenere identifies the film's narrative tone and it depends on the genre as each one has its own subgenres. These are the subgenres we use at MFDB to classify films:
GENRES AND THEIR SUBGENRES • Dramas and animation films: Adventure, action, thriller, fantasy, war, biographic, historical, comedy, melodrama, romantic comedy, teenage drama, mountain drama, musical...
 
• Documentaries: Expedition journal, climbing journal, instructive, travel journal, making of, biographical, portrait, live broadcast, chronicle, historical...
 
• Docudramas: Report, recreation, historical, biographical...
 
Artistic film: Musical, artistic, experimental...


 

 

 

Story's origin

STORY'S DEGREE OF FICTION OR REALITY

Story's origin
WHAT'S THE FILM'S STORY BASED ON
The third scope of classification is based on the film story's origin. It's a specially interesting aspect in the case of mountain films that defines if the film is based on a true story or if it's pure fiction and to what degree it has more or less fiction in it. We establish the following possible origins:
FROM FICTION TO REAL STORY Fiction: A totally made up story. Example: Vertical limit (2000). Action film with a 100% fiction argument.
 
• Inspired fiction: A story inspired by real characters or facts. Although fiction, it keeps, to some extent, a certain link with the real story. Example: Les etoiles de midi (1959). Even though facts didn't occur exactly how explained in the film, they are all based on real stories.
 
Real characters: A mostly made up story but in a context or with characters that existed in real life. Example: The challenge (1938). Although the story has some reality touch, mostly it's made up, but the main characters and context are real.
 
True story: Characters and story are mostly true to real life. In the case of documentary, the degree of fiction tends to be minimal or non existent. Drama, due to its staging, always holds a certain degree of fiction (made up dialogues, imprecise  situations, etc). Example: Into thin air (1997). The story of the 1996 Everest tragedy. Characters and facts are Jon Krakauer's account of what happened. But, dramatisation inevitably introduces a certain degree of imprecision.
LITERARY ORIGIN Novel: Regardless of if the story is real or fiction, it's interesting to know also if the film script is completely original or based or inspired on a literary piece. This information allows users to discover literary pieces hidden behind some of the films. Example: Der berg ruft (1938), based on the novel Der Kampf ums Matterhorn, by Carl Haensel.

A film may contain more than one story origin classification factor. The challenge (1938) for example is inspired by real characters and is also a novel adaptation.


 

 

 

Film themes

THEMATIC ASPECTS TO DO WITH CLIMBING AND MOUNTAINEERING

Specific themes
CLIMBING AND MOUNTAINEERING AND RELATED THEMES
In the scope of themes related to climbing and mountaineering we can identify different disciplines or thematic aspects. These themes give us a fourth criteria to classify films in MFDB database:

Mountaineering, rock climbing, ice climbing, bouldering, climbing wall, urban climbing, psicobloc, dry tooling, expedition, ski mountaineering, mountain rescue, mountain filming, mountain cinema...